Pep Anglosaxon ek zot lang ki nou pou apel Anglosaxon ti ekziste dan Langleter depi bien avan nesans Zezi (BC) ziska anviron lan 800 AD/CE (lan 800 Nou Lepok). Erezman ena detrwa maniskri kouma ‘Beowulf’, enn poem eroik/epik, ki finn permet bann exper dekouver so gramer. Dan nou lang nasional, Morisien, lord bann mo dan enn fraz li obligatwar. Nou pran enn lekzanp: “Tifi la kontan garson la” (The girl loves the boy/ La fille aime le grason). Pa kapav dir: “la tifi garson la kontan”. Si mo sanz lord bann mo, sinifikasion pou sanze: “Garson la kontan tifi la” ek “Tifi la kontan garson la” pa vedir mem zafer. Kifer sa? Morisien li enn lang izolan. Savedir sak mo ena enn sel form. Aster anou pran enn lekzanp an Laten: “Puella amat puerum.” Li vedir, ‘tifi la kontan garson la’. Si mo sanz lord bann mo, sinifikasion pa sanze; “puerum amat puella” ou “puella puerum amat” ena mem sans/mining ki “puella amat puerum”. Kifer? Laten li enn lang enflexion. Bann mo ena plizier form: puer, puerum, pueri, puerorum, pueris. ‘Puella’ parey: puella, puellam, puellae, puellarum, puellis. Pran enn fraz SVO: size+ verb+ obze. Nom Morisien ‘garson’ li pa sanz form me mo Laten ‘puer’ li sanze si li obze verb. Li vinn ‘puerum’. So form plis enportan ki so plas dan fraz.

Anglosaxon li ti enn lang enflexion. Donk plas mo dan fraz li ti segonder. Me dan Angle modern lord mo dan fraz li fondamantal. Si deplas enn mo, mining sanze. Ekzanp: “The boy loves the girl” ek “The girl loves the boy” pa vedir mem zafer.

Bann verb Anglosaxon ti ena boukou form. Verb dan Angle modern ena maximum 5 form (eat, eats, ate, eating, eaten); minimum 3 form (cut, cuts, cutting). Gran mazorite (verb regilie) ena 4 form (jump, jumps, jumping, jumped). Dan Morisien, bann mo ena enn sel form, exepte bann verb ki fini par vwayel ‘e’ kouma ‘manze’ ki ena 2 form: ‘manze’ ek ‘manz’. ‘Mo manze kan ena’; ‘mo manz dipen’.

Kifer ek kan sa transformasion la ti koumanse? Dapre bann spesialis, pandan 9em siek ti ena enn seri evennman dan Langleter ki liye ar envazion bann Vayking. Pandan 2 siek (8em-10em) ti ena 2 pep dan Langleter e sa 2 pep la ti oblize aprann viv ansam malgre konfli militer. Se dan sa kontex la ki enn kontak/kolizion ant de pep ek zot de lang ti donn nesans enn nouvo lang. Okoumansman li ti enn pijinn, enn lang siper senp ki ti vinn enn zouti kominikasion bazik ant de pep me avek letan bann zanfan metis ti koumans koz li kouma zot lang maternel. Lerla nou dir ki pijinn la finn vinn enn lang kreol.

Pandan apepre 2 siek, William 1 (William the Conqueror) ek bann lerwa ki ti siksed li, ti enpoz Franse dan Lakour Rwayal, dan administrasion, dan lalwa, dan Legliz. Ti pe osi servi Laten. Me onivo popilasion nouvo lang la ti pe devlope e ena prev ki mem bann zanfan aristocrat ti pe koumans servi li. Lerla enn evennman spektakiler ti pez akselerater: talan ek kreativite Chaucer. Enn ekriven doue, ki konn Franse ek Laten, desid pou dir so vision artistik dan lang lepep. Mazik! Lang kreol la ti vinn lang nasional prestiz pou Langleter. Angle, lang idantite enn pep metis ti pran nom so pep. Enn nouvo sivilizasion ti lev latet.

Anmemtan ki Angle ti pe devlope dan enn parti Langleter, dan Lekos enn lot varyete Angle – ‘Angle-Ekose’ – ti pe devlope e kan ti ena enn gran mouvman politik pou kre enn rwayom-ini, Langleter-Irlann-Lekos, e ki Lerwa Lekos, James 6 ti vinn lerwa rwayom-ini la, avek so nouvo nom, James 1, Angle so reyonnman ti grandi. Me bizen osi rapel ki depi Chaucer, kreasion literer an Angle ti pe kas pake.

De gran moman dan istwar Angle se kreasion dramatik ek poetik Shakespeare e tradiksion Labib an Angle ki ti apel King James Bible. Angle ti vinn lang nasional ek ofisiel Rwayom-Ini Britanik.

Kolonizasion Britanik dan Lazi, Lafrik, Lamerik ek Lostrali ti fer lang la vinn mondial e expansion lenflians USA finn fer lang la konn enn pli gran prestiz. Dekolonizasion pa finn diminie so lenportans. Okontrer, li pe vinn lingwafrangka mondial. Get dan Lenn ki pe arrive. Leta Endien pa finn reysi enpoz Inndi partou dan Lenn me, san okenn presion, Angle finn vinn lingwafrangka Lenn e zouti par exselans kreasion literer.

Kifer sa pe arrive? Kimannyer enn lang ki ti ne ena apepre 1,200 an desela finn kapav vinn enn zouti kominikasion endispansab pou limanite? Dan Repiblik Maritim Moris, Angle res enn moter solid pou nou devlopman entegral. Kifer? PARSKI LI ENN LANG KREOL. Enn lang kreol li ena bel souples ek kapasite adaptasion. Dan Moris, mo finn devlop ek teste enn program literesi bileng Morisien-Angle ki pou permet nou gagn enn popilasion konn lir ek ekrir, dan fason fonksionel, sa de lang la.

Bann posibilite bien gran. Mank zis volonte politik.



KENT: I have a journey, sir, shortly to go;
My master calls me, I must not say no.

For more than 50 years, my life has been driven by the belief that supra-ethnic values will eventually emerge to transform a multi-ethnic country into a rainbow nation. Reality has always told me to stop dreaming but I can’t. I have tried academic research, advocacy, political activities, literary creation and yet the rainbow keeps receding faster than my efforts to reach it. Should I throw in the towel? My thinking brain says ‘yes’ but my thinking heart says a categorical ‘NO’.

The present geopolitical landscape now makes nation-building efforts even more difficult as alien values are just obliterating local values with promises that the grass is greener elsewhere. The ‘Mahabharat-Chotabharat ideology’ moves on with new-found arrogance and is reinforced by the lure of great material gains. Supporters and diehards are found in government, in opposition, in different lobbies as well as at grassroots level, in big and not so big money… Promises of wealth and weal are already stultifying any form of resistance. The road to Mammon’s kingdom is now the direct route to the promised land.

The Agalega tragedy is a telling example of what is in store for us. A handful of peaceful islanders living a simple life in harmony with nature are suddenly in the net of a new imperialist power. Don’t be fooled by slogans from the past. The India of NON-ALIGNMENT and INDIAN OCEAN ZONE OF PEACE belongs to the past. Now India is governed by big money and rightwing populism. The caring India of Mahatma Gandhi has been swept away by neoliberal greed and ruthlessness.

In Agalega, soon there will be a few dozen native girls and women and several hundred randy moneyed Indian males. It does not take a genius to imagine the consequences in terms of mores, social evils such as teenage pregnancy, rape and violence, moral pollution besides environmental pollution. We know how European colonists behaved in Africa, Asia, Australia and the Americas. The same horrors will take place on the two beautiful Creole islands of which Agalega is made. We saw the glamorized and romanticized Walt Disney story of Princess Pocahontas, not the real story of a young woman who had known kidnapping, rape and poisoning. How many more Pocahontas must we have to start thinking? Colonists are known to treat natives as dirt. This is what our brothers and sisters in Agalega will experience, if it has not already started.

This is only the beginning. After Agalega, big Indian money, Indian/Hindu supremacists and local Hindu racists will spread their tentacles in “Little India”. The patriarch of the Jugnauth tribe is well-known for his anti-creole prejudices and now with the support of Modi extremism and Indian big money, we have to be prepared for the worse.

It is a pity and shame that many Mauritian political leaders (bann manzer banann dan de bout) are shy, coy and embarrassed to say in public what the present-day State of India really is. Let’s call a spade, a spade: The State of India (not to be confused with the people of India) is today a rising, very ambitious imperialist power. If not held in check, it will be the cause of much sufferings in our region of the world. It is using Mauritius as a springboard to pillage the resources of Africa and doesn’t give two hoots about our welfare or the future of the planet.
We, the inhabitants of Indian Ocean islands, have an important moral duty: prevent a further destruction of the Blue Planet. We, citizens of the Maritime Republic of Mauritius, have a solemn duty: build a Rainbow Nation. The struggle must go on with renewed intensity although for some of us ‘the end is nigh’.